# CQG Primer

#### CQG Primer: Study Recalculation Setting and RTD Parameters

CQG IC and QTrader offer the ability to set recalculation rates for studies. In addition, RTD study formulas have a recalculation rate parameter.

In CQG select a chart and then Setup/Chart… more

#### CQG Primer Pivot Points (cqg.PivotPts)

The pivot point is the arithmetic average of the high (H), low (L), and closing (C) prices of the active instrument, Pivot Point = (H+L+C)/3 or Pivot Point = HLC3. The study applied to a chart… more

#### CQG Primer: The Rank Study

The CQG Rank Study ranks the individual chart points of a market over a specified number of previous trading periods. For example, if the current bar's close had a rank of 3, and the periods were… more

#### CQG Primer: The Klinger Volume Oscillator

The Klinger Volume Oscillator (KVO) was developed by Stephen Klinger. The study uses the difference between two exponential smoothed moving averages (EMA) of the "Volume Force" and includes a… more

#### CQG Primer: The Kalman Filter

The Kalman Filter is a recursive algorithm invented in the 1960s to track a moving target from noisy measurements of its position and predict its future position. The Kalman filter is an optimal… more

#### CQG Primer: Tracking Annual Performance

A popular form of market analysis is to maintain a real-time table of market performance based on an annualized basis. For example, the QSS 2.0 displayed below has a sorted column highlighted with… more

#### CQG Primer: Congestion Count (ConCnt) Study

Markets tend to trend up, down, and sideways. Another name for trending sideways is congestion. A period of congestion is when the Open, High, Low, and Close price bars are overlapping. CQG IC and… more

#### CQG Primer: Moving Linear Regression Study (MLR)

This study goes by a number of other names, including the end point moving average, least squares moving average, moving linear regression, and time series forecast.

To explain this study… more

#### CQG Primer: Net Change Curve Charts

The Net Change Curve chart displays a collection of symbols’ daily net price change or daily net percentage change making it easy to compare on a relative basis each market’s current session’s… more

#### CQG Primer: CQG One RFQs

CQG One provides an "Active RFQ" widget. A Request for Quote (RFQ) is functionality provided for traders to access electronic quotes on multi-leg options strategies. It is an electronic message… more